Mabamba Bay: A Tourism Potential
Mabamba Bay is one of the most important bird areas
(IBA)and one of the richest marshy areas along the Northern
shores of Lake Victoria. It is the closest place to
Kampala (the capital city of Uganda) to watch shoebills
and other interesting water birds. All these have attracted
a considerable number of both domestic and international
tourists. Since the year 2000, tourist arrivals to this
wetland have increased from about 240-720 each year.
The Shoebill, which brings in a bigger number of tourists,
is one of the naturally endangered bird species in Uganda.
The bird is most endangered by fishermen since it also
feeds on fish for survival. In the past there have been
cases of some bird smugglers capturing it for exportation
to other countries. Other forms of wildlife threat in
Mabamba Bay include wild fires, local hunting which
force animals and birds to migrate to other places.
Mabamba Bay is a unique extensive marsh stretching
through along narrow bay, fringed with papyrus towards
the main body of Lake Victoria. It forms part of Buwaya
Bay South-west of Nakiwogo Bay both of which are located
in the west of Entebbe International Airport. It lies
between Busi Island and Buwaya/Zziba village on the
Flora and Fauna
Mabamba Bay is dominated by Miscanthus and Cyperus species
however there are small patches of Nympea caerulea.in
a narrow open water channel. There are also areas of
Cladium mariscus and sometimes drifting papyrus Swamp
Apart from the Shoebill, other globally threatened bird
specie that are endemic in Mabamba Bay include the Blue
Swallows, Papyrus Gonolek and Pallid Harriers, often
residents include Grey- headed Gulls, Goliath Herons,
Spur-winged and Pygmy Geese and flocks of migratory
species like Gull-billed Terns, White-winged Black Terns
and Whisked Terns.
Lungfish (Emamba), Tilapia (Engege).
Mammals: Sitatunga, (Njobe), Bush pig
There are various tribes that stay around Mabamba Bay.
These are both indigenous (Baganda) and non indigenous
(Basoga, Banyankole, Bafumbira, Banyoro etc). It I important
to note that the majority who are involved in tourism
related activities and live closer to the swamp are
migrants from other areas and are largely there for
Like other parts surrounding Lake Victoria, Mabamba
Bay experiences a climate is 1200-1500 mm of rain with
average temperature of 17-26degrees centigrade.
The Shoebill Conservation
Objectives of the Project.